Criminology

CRIMINOLOGY – 100 MARKS

Section-I (25 Marks)
Basic concepts used in understanding crime, criminality and criminal.

II. Understanding Criminology

Definition, meaning and scope of criminology, Criminology and criminal law, Crime as social problem, Crime and social organization, related concepts: Deviance, Sin and Vice

III. Crime and Criminals

Occasional criminals, Habitual criminals, Professional criminals, White-collar crime, Organized crime, corporate crimes.

IV. Crime and Criminality: Theoretical Perspectives

Early explanation of criminal behavior

§ Classical School

§ Positivist School (Biological and Psychological Explanations)

§ Positivist School (Sociological Explanation)

* Social Disorganization theory
* Strain theory
* Social Control theory
* Learning theory
* Labeling Theory

§ Islamic perspective

Section-II (25 Marks)
V. Juvenile Delinquency

Meaning, definitions (Behavioral Vs Legal), Juvenile delinquent Vs status offender, Official statistics of juvenile delinquency

VI. Juvenile Justice System

§ Role of police

§ Juvenile court process:

³ pretrial, trial and sentencing
³ Role of prosecutor, defense counsel, juvenile judge, juvenile probation officer

§ Juvenile correctional institutions,probation and non-punitive alternatives

VII. The Criminal Justice System:

§ Police and its role

§ Trial and Conviction of Offenders

³ Agencies: formal and informal

³ Criminal courts: procedures and problems

³ Role of prosecutors

§ Prisons, Probation and Parole

VIII. Punitive and Reformative Treatment of Criminals

Corporal punishment, Imprisonment, Rehabilitation of criminals.

Section-III (25 Marks)
IX. Criminal Investigation

Principles of criminal investigation, Manual of preliminary investigation, Intelligence operations, Data base investigation, Electronic investigation, Forensic Investigation

X. Techniques of Investigations

Gathering information from persons, Interviewing and interrogation techniques, Criminal investigation analysis,

XI. Legal and Ethical Guidelines for Investigators

Stop and frisk operations, Arrest procedures, Search and seizure.

XII. International Policing Criminal Justice Monitoring Organizations

UNAFEI, INTERPOL, EUROPOL, UNODC, UNICEF, IPA, etc.

Section-IV (25 Marks)
XIII. Modern Concepts in Contemporary Criminology
§ Terrorism, Radicalism and War on Terror

§ Media’s representation of Crime and the Criminal Justice System

§ Modern Law Enforcement and Crime Prevention

³ Intelligence-led Policing

³ Community Policing

³ Private Public Partnership

§ Gender and Crime in Urban and Rural Pakistan

§ Crime and Urbanization, Organized Crime and White-Collar Crime

§ Human Rights Abuses and Protection, especially Children, Women and Minorities and the role of civil society and NGOs

§ Money-laundering

§ Cyber Crime

§ Role of NAB, FIA, ANF

SUGGESTED READINGS

S.No. Title Author
1. New Perspectives in Criminology Conklin, J.E
2. Criminal Interrogation and Confessions. Fred, E.I., John, E.R., Joseph, P.B. and Brian, C.J.
3. Theoretical Criminology George B. Vold, Thomas J. Bernard, Jeffrey B. Snipes
4. Modern Criminology: Crime, Criminal Behavior and its
Control.
Hagan, J.
5. Juvenile Delinquency: An Integrated Approach James, B.
6. Security Studies: An Introduction Paul, D.W.
7. Crime, Justice and Society: An Introduction to
Criminology
Ronald, J.B., Marvin, D.F. and Patricia, S.
8. Juvenile Delinquency: Theory, Practice, and Law Seigel, L.J.
9. Crime Prevention: Theory and Practice Stephen, S.
Suggested Websites
10. International Society of Criminology (ICS): http://www.isc-sic.org
11. American Society of Criminology (ASC): http://www.asc41.com/
12. British Society of Criminology (BSC): http://www.britsoccrim.org/
13. European Society of Criminology (ESC):http://www.esc-eurocrim.org/
14. International Police Executive Symposium (IPES); http://www.ipes.info/
15. Asian Criminological Society (ACS):
http://www.ntpu.edu.tw/college/e4/acs/home.php
16. Asian Association of Police Studies (AAPS):http://www.aaps.or.kr/
17. Campbell Library: http://www.campbellcollaboration.org/library.php
18. UNAFEI (Japan): http://www.unafei.or.jp/english/
19. Pakistan Society of Criminology (PSC): www.pakistansocietyofcriminology.com
20. South Asian Society of Criminology and Victimology (SASCV):
http://www.sascv.org/
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