Philosophy

CSS Syllabus Philosophy – 100 Makrs

I. Introduction:

Definition, Nature and Scope of Philosophy

II. Philosophical Methods:

Socratic Method (Socrates); Inductive Method (Bacon, Mill); Deductive Method
(Aristotle, Descartes); Dialectical Method (Hegel); Fallibilistic Method (Popper)

III. Epistemology: Rationalism (Plato, Descartes, Spinoza); Empiricism (Locke, Berkeley, Hume); Transcendentalism (Kant); Intuitionism (Bergsonl)

IV. Ontology: Idealism (Plato, Berkeley); Representative Realism (Locke); Materialism
(Marx)

V. Muslim Thinkers: Allama Iqbal., Imam Ghazali, Al-Farabi, Ibn-e- Sina, Ibn-e- Khaldun, Ibn-e-Rushid, Shah Wali Ullah

VI. Ethics: What is morality? The challenge of cultural relativism: Does morality depend on religion. Psychological and ethical egoism: Virtue Ethics (Aristotle), Moral Absolutism (Kant), Utilitarianism (Mill), Social Contract Theory.

VII. Contemporary Philosophical Movements:

Existentialism (Heidegger, Sartre); Pragmatism (Peirce, James, Dewey); Neo- pragmatism (Rorty); Postmodernism (Lyotard, Foucault, Derrida)

SUGGESTED READINGS

S.No. Title Author
1. History of Western Philosophy Bertrand Russell
2. Philosophy: The Power of Ideas Brooke Noel Moore & Kenneth Bruder
3. Elements of Moral Philosophy James Rachels
4. Existentialism & Human Emotions. Philosophical
Library
Jean Paul Sartre
5. The Postmodern Condition: A Report on Knowledge Jean-Francois Lyotard
6. Descartes to Derrida: An Introduction to European
Philosophy
Peter Sedgwick
7. Continental Philosophy in the 20th Century Richard Kearney
8. A Short History of Modern Philosophy Roger Scruton
9. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (plato.stanford.edu). Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy (www.iep.utm.edu). Internet Resources

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